Rosin, hash, budder, wax, shatter, hash oil, live resin, vape cartridges, and tinctures -- cannabis newbies and experienced users alike can be confused about what’s what in the world of cannabis concentrates.s.
Cannabis concentrates are the result of processing dried flower into a more potent form. This process is done to maintain the plant’s compounds, such as cannabinoids and terpenes, while removing impurities and excess plant matter.
Concentrates can come in a variety of textures, and with so many different types available today, this blog helps to break down each form to help you gain a better understanding of your options.
Rosin is a solventless extract that comes from the resinous sap of cannabis flowers.
To make rosin, the oil is gathered from the plant’s trichome heads. Trichomes are the resin glands found on cannabis flowers and leaves, which, under a microscope, look like hairs with a bulbous head at their tips. Extracted using a combination of heat and pressure, rosin is rich in terpenes and cannabinoids, which are the compounds responsible for the strain’s unique flavour, aroma, and potential health benefits [*].
Hash is the product of the plant’s trichome heads that have been squished together using heat and pressure, but in different amounts than required to make rosin.
There are many different ways to make hash. To make your own hash, you can simply press your kief from a grinder. You can also make finger hash by rubbing your fingers on the buds (generally wearing gloves) and then scraping off the resinous glands that are leftover. This is one of the oldest ways to make hash.
To consume hash, you can vape it, place it onto a packed bowl or joint, or make it into an edible.
BHO live resin:
This is a cannabis concentrate that is created by harvesting fresh cannabis and then freezing it before and during the extraction process. While many forms of extraction can impact the plant’s terpene profile, BHO live resin is flash frozen upon harvest, which helps it retain its flavour and aroma. While this concentrate is relatively new to the cannabis scene, it’s rising in popularity due to its unparalleled quality; it contains a more robust terpene concentration, a stronger smell, and often more potent cannabinoids than other concentrate products.
Short for high terpene full-spectrum extract, HTFSE describes two parts that are formed when a full-spectrum extract is made from cannabis flowers and is separated in a lab. This product is characterized by a high concentration of terpenes without any extra waxes, lipids, and fats.
Budder, wax, and shatter:
These three concentrates are all forms of hash oil. To make these extracts, a solvent is used to dissolve the trichomes and separate the trichomes from the flower. Common solvents are butane, ethanol, and CO2. Once the trichomes are dissolved, the liquid is strained to remove plant material and impurities into a dish and cooked in a vacuum oven. This allows the butane or ethanol to cook off using a combination of heat and pressure so that the final result is the concentrated form of trichomes. Depending on the heat used, moisture content and amount of air in the extract, the results of this process will create a different end product: budder, wax, or shatter. Shatter looks like glass, whereas budder and wax have more colour and a creamier texture.
To consume budder, wax, or shatter, you can dab it, vape it, smoke it in a bong or pipe, spread it on top of your dried flower in a joint, or make your own cannabis edibles.
Infusions and tinctures:
Infusions (also known as tinctures) are oils that have been infused with cannabis. CannMart’s tinctures offer cannabinoid-rich, CO2 extracted distillate blended with MCT (medium-chain triglyceride) oil. These products are all blended with MCT oil since it’s a flavourless base that has a few potential health benefits [*].
To consume an infusion or tincture, you can ingest orally, sublingually (under the tongue), drizzle on your favourite meal, or add to a cannabis edibles recipe.
As always, start low and go slow for a safe cannabis consumption experience. To learn more about medical cannabis, get your Medical Document, or simply speak to a healthcare practitioner, visit NamasteMD.com.